Meaning of 'k'

The twelfth letter and first consonant. It corresponds with K. 2 It is a pleonastic affix to many Sanskrit nouns on their entering into composition. As thus many exceedingly neat and valuable compounds are formed, and as some, especially those with atma, mula, purva, are of constant occurrence, and might be somewhat perplexing, we insert a number to familiarize the learner with the rule of formation, and to enable him to use it as occasion arises. Ex. atma becomes atmaka and acquires the sense, That constitutes or composes; that forms the soul, spirit, nature, essence, principle of; as he njaga pancabhutatmaka ahe This world is compounded of the five elements; alankara su- varnatmaka An ornament consisting of gold; stutya- tmaka, nindatmaka, gadyapadyatmaka, tridosatmaka, trigunatmaka, punyatmaka, papatmaka, harsatmaka, sokatmaka, lobhatmaka &c. mula becomes mulaka and acquires the sense, That originates, occasions, produces; that forms the root, spring, source, basis, principle of; as papa- mulakaduhkha Sin-originated pain; pain of which sin is the root or source; punyammulakasukha, strimulakakalaha, akasamulakavayu, jalamulakaprthvi &c. purva becomes purvaka and acquires the sense, That leads, precedes, heads, introduces, goes before; as buddhipurvaka The understanding or judgment having gone before: i.e. deliberately, designedly, purposely; adara- purvaka With respect, respectfully; icchapurvaka With desire or inclination, voluntarily; sapathapurvakabhasana Speech with an oath; agatyapurvaka, asthapurvaka &c. &c. jivatpitrkapurusa A man whose father is, or whose parents are, alive; devamatrkadesa, anandavisa- yakavakya &c. &c. 3 It is a redundant additament, as putraka, dandaka, balaka, for putra, danda & bala.

Meaning of क

The twelfth letter and first consonant. It corresponds with K. 2 It is a pleonastic affix to many Sanskrit nouns on their entering into composition. As thus many exceedingly neat and valuable compounds are formed, and as some, especially those with आत्म, मूल, पूर्व, are of constant occurrence, and might be somewhat perplexing, we insert a number to familiarize the learner with the rule of formation, and to enable him to use it as occasion arises. Ex. आत्म becomes आत्मक and acquires the sense, That constitutes or composes; that forms the soul, spirit, nature, essence, principle of; as हें जग पंचभूतात्मक आहे This world is compounded of the five elements; अलंकार सु- वर्णात्मक An ornament consisting of gold; स्तुत्या- त्मक, निंदात्मक, गद्यपद्यात्मक, त्रिदोषात्मक, त्रिगुणात्मक, पुण्यात्मक, पापात्मक, हर्षात्मक, शोकात्मक, लोभात्मक &c. मूल becomes मूलक and acquires the sense, That originates, occasions, produces; that forms the root, spring, source, basis, principle of; as पाप- मूलकदुःख Sin-originated pain; pain of which sin is the root or source; पुण्यंमूलकसुख, स्त्रीमूलककलह, आकाशमूलकवायु, जलमूलकपृथ्वी &c. पूर्व becomes पूर्वक and acquires the sense, That leads, precedes, heads, introduces, goes before; as बुद्धिपूर्वक The understanding or judgment having gone before: i.e. deliberately, designedly, purposely; आदर- पूर्वक With respect, respectfully; इच्छापूर्वक With desire or inclination, voluntarily; शपथपूर्वकभाषण Speech with an oath; अगत्यपूर्वक, आस्थापूर्वक &c. &c. जीवत्पितृकपुरुष A man whose father is, or whose parents are, alive; देवमातृकदेश, आनंदविष- यकवाक्य &c. &c. 3 It is a redundant additament, as पुत्रक, दंडक, बालक, for पुत्र, दंड & बाल.


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